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Human rights due diligence

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs), Guiding Principle 17, states that:

“In order to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for how they address their adverse human rights impacts, business enterprises should carry out human rights due diligence. The process should include assessing actual and potential human rights impacts, integrating and acting upon the findings, tracking responses, and communicating how impacts are addressed.”

The four elements of a due diligence process (Assessing actual and potential human rights impacts (Guiding Principle 18), Integrating and acting upon the findings (Guiding Principle 19), Tracking responses (Guiding Principle 20), Communicating how impacts are addressed (Guiding Principle 21)) are explored in depth in the UNGPs and the associated Commentary.

As well as measures which businesses should take, Guiding Principle 3, provides that states should “

rovide effective guidance to business enterprises on how to respect human rights throughout their operations”, with the Commentary noting that such advice should be provided on human rights due diligence and “should indicate expected outcomes and help share best practices”.

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References



What National Action Plans say on Human rights due diligence