In line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) as well as the ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182), “and the ILO Minimum Age Convention (No. 138), a child is a person below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier”.
While children are one third of the world’s population and, thus, play a significant role in the global economy – as consumers, young workers (see: ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138), family members of workers, future workers or employers, as well as members of the communities and environments in which business operates – they are also one of the most vulnerable groups exposed to negative impacts from business. As stated by the former Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights, Professor John Ruggie, “[c]hildren are among the most marginalized and vulnerable members of society and can be disproportionately, severely, and permanently impacted by business activities, operations, and relationships ”.+ Read more
Businesses can impact the rights of children in various ways. Adverse impacts on children’s rights may be linked to, for example, marketing (e.g. advertisements promoting ‘unrealistic body images that can lead to eating disorders; promotion of breast milk substitutes for babies under the age of 6 months), distribution of products (e.g. violent computer games, gender-specific toys that influence perception of male/female roles), environmental and land impacts (affecting the ability of local communities s to sustain themselves, as well as affecting their health and right to food and water, which disproportionately impact on children). Where companies pay insufficient wages to sustain families, the right to education of children may be affected, with children dropping out of school and going to work to help supplement family income.
According to the ILO , approximately 168 million children worldwide are engaged in some form of child labour, with more than half of them, 85 million, involved in hazardous work. Most child labourers work in the informal economy; they can be found working in the agricultural sector (98 million, or 59%), followed by services (54 million) and industry (12 million). Children are also among the most vulnerable to human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
In 2013, The Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) adopted General Comment 16 on State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights. The General Comment includes guidance on the measures of implementation that are required to prevent and remedy violations of child rights by businesses, and ensure businesses carry out their responsibilities in the realisation of the rights of the child and encourage them to positively contribute to the realisation of these rights. Further guidance material has since been developed to advise governments on how to ensure that all business activities respect children’s rights. A useful guide for States on how to implement UN CRC General Comment 16 was published by the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) and UNICEF in 2015. .
The Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR), the International Corporate Accountability Roundtable (ICAR) and UNICEF developed the Children’s Rights in NAPs on Business and Human Rights, as guidance on how children’s rights should be considered in the process of developing NAPs.
An example of government efforts in this area is the US Executive Order 13126 on the “Prohibition of Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor” (1999). This requires federal contractors who supply products on The List of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor published by the Department of Labor to certify that they have made good faith efforts to determine whether forced or indentured child labour was used to produce the items listed.
Another example is the Dutch ‘Child Labour Due Diligence Law’, which was adopted by the lower house of the Dutch Parliament in 2017. The law will require companies to determine whether child labour exists in their supply chains and set out a plan of action on how to combat it. This law is awaiting approval by the Senate. If approved, companies covered by the law will have to submit a statement to regulatory authorities declaring that they have carried out due diligence related to child labour in their full supply chains.
Interesting examples of national implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes through legislation regulating a range of marketing practices by the private sector are provided in an annual status report.
What National Action Plans say on Children’s rights
Action point 24, Accorder une attention particulière à la question des droits de l’enfant dans la sensibilisation des entreprises [Pay special attention to the issue of children’s rights in awareness raising of enterprises], is specifically targeting the issue of children’s rights. According to the Belgian federal government, “the area of children’s rights have not been enshrined in the UNGPs to the extent they find necessary to address businesses responsibility to respect human rights.” Belgium wants “to give special attention to this particular issue in its NAP by engaging through several parallel measures:
- Systematic reference in international fora and bilaterally to concerned States on the ratification of Conventions Nos. 138 (on minimum age) and 182 (on the worst forms of child labor) of the ILO.
- Active support and awareness raising of companies on the Principles governing enterprises in the field of children’s rights, in order to allow Belgian companies to maximize the positive effects of their activities on the lives of children by supporting and respecting their rights and those of their parents or guardians, including the right to a decent wage.
- Continued support to UNICEF activities, including the publication of the reading guide for the Committee on the Rights of the Child’s Observation No. 16 and the creation of a platform for businesses that wish to commit to the basis of the Principles governing businesses in the field of children’s rights.
- Emphasis on children’s rights in awareness building throughout the network of Belgian diplomacy, particularly through active distribution of the Principles governing businesses in the area of children’s rights in the Toolbox set out in Action Point 1.
- Ratification of the Protocol of 2014 to the ILO Convention on Forced Labor.”
The Flemish government added that “with the support of Flemish authorities, UNICEF Belgium aims to raise awareness on how important the role of the business community plays already, and to present a new perspective to better support CEOs, managers and workers on a wider scale, the “Rights of the child and principles governing the enterprises,” developed by UNICEF and Save the Children.” They mention that policy-makers also play a role in this field. As a second objective, the Flemish government “wants to develop networks and partnerships on the theme of these Guidelines. Dissemination is the first step of a long-during process, in which concrete actions and events will be established accordingly, in order to promote of the Guidelines and their implementation in Flanders, Belgium and beyond.”
In Action point 19, Promouvoir les bonnes pratiques des PME qui adoptent une gestion de la chaine d’approvisionnement responsable, notamment grâce à l’outil « CSR Compass » [Promote best practice of SMEs that adopt responsible supply chain management, especially through the « CSR Compass » tool], the NAP also broadly mentions children’s rights in relation to the CSR Compass: “By highlighting child labor and forced labor as main issues, the portal also addresses human rights.”
Action point 33, Importation, exportation et transit d’armes, de munitions, de matériel militaire et de maintien de l’ordre et de biens à double usage [Import, export and transit of arms, ammunition, military and law enforcement equipment and dual-use goods], shortly describes that Flemish regulations explicitly prohibits the export and transit of arms and military equipment to countries that incorporate child soldiers to their regular armies.
Pilar I Action Point 3.2 (p. 47): The Ministry of Social Development will:
- Create a board, integrated by representatives of the public and private sector, civil society organisations and academia, to address the work and family conciliation and its impact on children and their careers. The aim is to raise awareness on the impacts of the work and family conciliation in the development of children and adolescents and disseminate best practices on this issue, on the private and public sector
- Prepare, through the Division of Social Policy of the Under-Secretariat of Social Evaluation, a statistical report about the socio-economic situation of risk groups including migrants, youth, disabled people, women and indigenous peoples, based on the Socio-Economic Qualification (SEQ) including income generated by work, capital and pensions, contained in the Household Social Register, divided by territory (regional division). This has the purpose of having available information regarding vulnerable groups within certain territory.
Contributions by other actors (p. 88): 1. UNICEF Chile will coordinate the development of a baseline to collect the potential negative impacts on the human rights of boys, girls and youths by the activity of business enterprises in Chile, including recommendations. The findings of this baseline and associated recommendations will be publicly available, and delivered to the relevant authority.
The plan is said to have a “differential approach” (introduction, page 6):
“Thus, businessmen and social and union organizations are required to be willing to respect the rights of ethnic groups, women, children, adolescents, LGBTI, people with disabilities, union movements and other minorities.”
Section 4 is dedicated to the role of the State in helping businesses to respect Human Rights. It contains two initiatives relating children’s rights:
“4.7 The Ministry of Labor and the Colombian Institution for Family Welfare will strengthen actions intended to provide advice, training and monitoring to enterprises in respect of the integral protection of the children’s rights, as well as the implementation of the children’s rights and business principles in the priority sectors.”
“4.8 The Ministry of Labor will strengthen actions to prevent the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents, and will create strategies engaging the private sector in the actions to prevent the violation of the children’s and adolescents’ rights.”
The Czech NAP makes no explicit reference to children’s rights, but does reference child labour.
National Action Plan – production and objectives [page 6-7]
“Respect for human rights is not inherently voluntary – modern-day slavery, child labour, and environmental over-exploitation cannot be dependent on corporate goodwill.”
Supply chains and conflict minerals [page 20]
“Increasing attention is being paid to safety conditions at work (e.g. the use of slave and child labour in mining). Risks of this type are particularly serious in areas plagued by armed conflict, which can be attributed to the absence of state authority here. Raw materials imported from geopolitically unstable regions and flashpoints may be used as a source of funding to reconstruct the country and improve the conditions in which its inhabitants live. On the other hand, various groups may exploit slave or child labour in mining operations or in factories, and the proceeds from sales could then be used to pay for weapons and soldiers.”
Pillar II, Scope and content of the obligation to respect human rights [page 30-31]
“- Do not be associated with violations of human rights: This applies to other parties’ activities about which a business knows, on which it has a bearing, and/or which are closely related to its own business, and may encompass: …
- The use of suppliers or subcontractors who exploit child labour or otherwise violate human rights in their activities.”
“What human rights? States bear liability for the full range of human rights. Businesses are required to respect those rights that could be affected by their operations, and must do so to the extent of a definite minimum, generally acknowledged fundamental standard deriving from:
- the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
- the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
- the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights; and
- the International Labour Organisation’s core conventions.
These rights are fleshed out in a series of other specific instruments, such as the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
In practice, this concerns matters such as the ban on forced labour, child labour, and life- or health-threatening working conditions”.
“Where does respect come into play? …
The supply chain and business partners: Businesses should have a vested interest in ensuring that the components, raw materials and external services they use are not associated with violations of human rights (e.g. “sullied” by child labour).”
Introduction [page 9]
“Denmark has a long political tradition of supporting and addressing human rights. Changing governments have concentrated on special focus areas such as … children’s rights …”
Appendix 1, GP 3b
Status in Denmark (initiatives implemented before the UN ratification of the Guiding Principles) [page 26]
“Large parts of Danish national law support compliance with the UNGPs such as legislation on labour issues, the environment, child labour etc. This type of protective legislative framework of Denmark enables business respect for human rights.”
1 The state obligation to protect human rights
1.1 Human rights in Finnish legislation [page 13]
“According to the equality provision of the Constitution, no one may be treated differently based on sex, age, origin, language, religion, conviction, opinion, health, handicap or other reason related to the individual. In addition, the Constitution states that children should be treated equally as individuals and that it should be possible for them to be involved in matters relating to them in accordance with their development.”
1.2 Activities in international organizations [page 15]
“Finland shall report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child on the implementation of the recommendation by the Committee on Business. In addition, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment No. 16 on State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights shall be translated into Finnish and Swedish, and a summarised introduction to its contents shall be made for distribution to entities such as companies.”
Part I, section 13 on the role of public agencies, the development agency AFD (p30):
The AFD has established a list of exclusions which prohibits the funding of projects implying forced labour, child labour, grave environmental damage, (…) (paragraph 3, p30).
Part I, section 10 on strengthening the domestic legal framework (p23-25): the NAP recalls France’s role in the development and adoption on the EU directive on non-financial reporting which forces large european companies to release information including regarding their policies on child labor (paragraph 2, p24).
Part II, section 3 on risk analysis and impact assessments (p43-46), in the list of existing tools providing practical solutions to specific issues, the NAP cites the ILO’s help desk which provides tools and resources among other regarding child labor (paragraph 2, p45).
Part I, Proposed Actions n°1, Actions to be implemented (p16): “Work towards strengthening cooperation between the WTO and the ILO in order to allow for a better integration of international social standards for responsible processes and methods of production (which for instance aim at combating child labor and forced labor) with a view to promote a level playing field while taking into account existing frameworks and regulations.” (p16-17)
1.1 Basic rules of economic policy
Protection within states’ own territory – challenges within Germany
The current situation [page 15]
“The instruments that are now binding in Germany include … the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child”
“Germany is also bound by EU Directive 2011/36/EU and has ratified both the Council of Europe Convention of 2005 on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.”
Measures [page 20]
- “The Federal Government will also take specific action to step up its wide-ranging commitment to the protection of human rights defenders when applying the UN Guiding Principles. In the field of business and human rights, as elsewhere, development policy is about standing up for the rights of vulnerable groups, such as indigenous peoples or children and youth or persons with disabilities.”
- Public procurement
The current situation [page 21]
“Germany has fully transformed into domestic law its obligations to protect human rights under international agreements. This applies, for example, to the prohibitions of child labour and forced labour that are imposed by the ILO core conventions.”
Section 1: International Context and Domestic Consultative Process
Other international initiatives [page 10]
“The Recommendation elaborates on access to judicial remedy, drawing on Council of Europe expertise and legal standards and puts special emphasis on the additional protection needs of … children …”
Section 3: Actions – Initial priorities for the Business and Human Rights Implementation Group
II. Initial priorities for the Business and Human Rights Implementation Group [page 18]
“The State Duty to Protect Human Rights …
vii. Promote awareness of relevant multi-stakeholder and multilateral initiatives such as the UN Global Compact, the Principles for Responsible Investment and the Children’s Rights and Business Principles among State owned or controlled companies.”
The Statement of Commitment [page 5] of the Italian NAP stresses that in order “to protect human rights, Italy undertakes to: [c]ontinue to protect, promote universal respect for, and observance of, all human rights, fundamental freedoms and non-discrimination principles, with special attention to the rights of most vulnerable groups, such as women, children, disabled, LGBTI people, migrants and asylum seekers, and persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities”.
Among activities already undertaken with respect to children’s rights, the NAP [page 18] mentions that “the Ministries for Economics Development and Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation supported the launch in June 2015 of the UNICEF Business Lab Project. The project aimed to help companies identify risks and integrate children rights in their own due diligence and management practices.”
The Italian NAP’s Planned Measures with respect to Guiding Principles 25 and 26 [Box, page 26], stipulate an intention to “within the framework of the on-going parliamentary activity of reform of judicial system, raise awareness on the following priorities: (…) iii) special court sections for human rights (especially children rights) and family issues”
Objective 2: promoting corporate responsibility and respect in the field of business and human rights
C. Planned Measures [page 8]
2. “Innovation promotion. … Innovation programme foresees that: …
- it is important to promote the creation and development of social innovation in order to provide more effectively services for families, children, socially vulnerable groups by employing the public, private and civil society sectors as well as the potential for cooperation with education institutions;”
The Dutch NAP makes no direct reference to children’s rights, but makes reference to child labour in a number of places.
2. Current policy [page 9]
“To prevent abuses in terms of working conditions, child labour, environment, corruption and human rights in their supply chains, the government expects companies to act in accordance with the OECD guidelines wherever possible.”
3.1 An active role for the government
Level playing field [page 15]
“The Netherlands is also committed to universal ratification of the ILO’s fundamental labour standards: the ban on child labour and forced labour, equality of opportunity and treatment, and freedom of association.”
3.2 Policy coherence
Trade and investment agreements [page 20]
“The government is committed to including clear provisions on the relationship between trade, investment and sustainability in trade and investment agreements. Within the EU, the Netherlands urges the inclusion in these agreements of a section on trade and sustainable development, with monitoring and enforcement mechanisms. The aim is for parties to reaffirm their commitment to fulfilling their ILO obligations to eliminate child labour and forced labour and to working together to this end.”
3.3 Clarifying due diligence
CSR Risk Check [page 23]
“Using a grant from the Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, CSR Netherlands has developed the CSR Risk Check for companies wishing to apply due diligence. Based on the sector and country in which a company is operating, this internet tool provides an indication of possible social impacts. CSR Netherlands works with the agency responsible for carrying out Sector Risk Analyses to harmonise the information on which the two instruments are based. This information will be used in the course of 2014 to compile sectoral world maps on which colour coding will be used to indicate whether a certain theme (e.g. child labour, discrimination of women) plays a role in a given country or region.”
The Norwegian NAP refers to children’s rights several times. In the section Responsible Management [page 22], it describes how the work on responsible management is an integrated part of the investment process of the State-owned bank “Norges Bank has chosen to focus on certain areas in order to achieve the best and most effective risk management and exercise of ownership rights. At present the bank has three focus areas that are directly linked with environmental and social conditions: children’s rights, climate change and water management.”
Furthermore, in the section The Corporate responsibility to respect human rights, the NAP mentions the Principle no. 12 [page 31] and clarifies which human rights should be respected:
“Internationally recognised human rights are those set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, the two 1966 International Covenants, on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and on Political and Civil Rights, and the ILO core conventions. In some cases, other standards may also be applicable, such as the rights of women, indigenous peoples, national, ethnic or linguistic minorities, children, people with disabilities, or foreign workers and their families. “
In the section devoted to State-based non-judicial grievance mechanisms [page 41], the NAP discusses the mechanisms connected to children’s rights: “Norway has a number of well-functioning institutions such as the Labour Inspection Authority, the Ombudsman for Children. (…) There are also complaints mechanisms in connection with the rights of employees, children, women and men.”
The Polish NAP explicitly refers to children’s rights when outlining the legislative plans to improve the protection of children in the context of tourist events and related tourist services. Under the planned amendment to the Act on Tourist Events and Related Tourist Services, [Polish version, Filar I, Chapter 6: „Pakiet wierzycielski”, page 29; English version, Pillar I, Chapter 5: Planned changes in national legislation, page 25]
lans are in store to undertake work on an amendment of the regulations on the provision of hotel services, with a view to introducing provisions related to the prevention of sexual exploitation of minors in hotel facilities (detailing the requirements for hotel regulations), as provided for in the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse.”
Additionally, the Polish NAP mentions international level regulations concerning children’s rights in Annex 1 to the NAP (p. 60-63) and in the narrative section “Preventing Economic abuse of children” (p. 14) where it refers briefly to existing regulations [Article 3045 of the Labour Code and Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 24 August 2004 Concerning the List of Work Forbidden to Juveniles and Conditions of Engaging Them To Do Some Jobs] (Dz.U. z 2004 r. Nr 200, poz. 2047) concerning minimum working age and conditions that are to be met if a juvenile is to undertake work.
Guiding Principle 1:
“Spain is party to all of the main treaties on human rights and, specifically, to the following:
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child and its three Optional Protocols.”
“Spain has also ratified the eight fundamental Conventions of the International Labor Organization (ILO):
- Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention. (No 182)”
Guiding Principle 2:
“In particular, the Government will develop awareness-raising campaign on actions aimed to protect groups with greater risk of vulnerability. In this sense, and in collaboration with the Spanish and international organizations, the Government will disseminate the UNICEF document, Save the Children and the Global Compact “Children’s Rights and Business Principles” among the business sector and will specifically take into account General Comment No. 16 of 2013 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.”
“The self-regulation codes will also be promoted, taking as an example relevant sector experiences, such as the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) or the Code of Conduct for the protection of children and adolescents against sexual exploitation in the Tourism and Travel Industry, as well as the relevant labor conventions of the ILO.”
2 The corporate responsibility to respect human rights [page 13]
“Internationally recognised instruments provide guidance for companies in their human rights efforts.2 The UN Guiding Principles focus on businesses and human rights. The United Nations Global Compact, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the Children’s Rights and Business Principles take a broader approach and address not only human rights but also other issues such as the environment, working conditions and anti-corruption. …
The conditions for companies’ efforts to respect human rights vary depending on their size, the countries and regions they operate in and their line of business, but the common goal is to prevent the companies’ activities from leading to human rights abuses, including the exploitation of children. UNICEF, Save the Children and the UN Global Compact have developed the Children’s Rights and Business Principles, which provide guidance for companies in their work”
3 Access to remedy [page 15-17]
“The Ombudsman for Children in Sweden is a government agency whose main task is to represent the rights and interests of children and young people, based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It monitors society’s compliance with the Convention and drives implementation in municipalities, county councils, regions and government agencies. It is responsible for drawing attention to deficiencies in the application of the Convention and proposing amendments to laws and ordinances. The Children’s Ombudsman submits an annual report to the Government, containing analyses and recommendations to improve the situation of children and young people. The Ombudsman does not monitor other government agencies and, by law, is not able to intervene in individual cases.”
Annex: Measures planned [page 27-28]
Regulations and legislation
- “The Government has launched an inquiry to examine whether the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child should be incorporated into Swedish law. …
- The EU has adopted new procurement directives: a Directive on public procurement, a Directive on procurement by entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors, and a Directive on the award of concession contracts. …. the new directives prescribe that the contracting authorities or entities exclude tenderers who have been found guilty in a definitive judgment of crimes including child labour …”
The Swiss NAP refers to children’s rights several times. In the section regarding the position and expectations of the Federal Council, the NAP stresses the availability of different (3) instruments supporting enterprises as they proceed with implementation of OECD Guidelines [NAP, page 8]:
“Consultation with stakeholder groups (Guiding Principle 18): The use of instruments to consult affected stakeholder groups (e.g. vulnerable groups such as children)”.
Further in this section the NAP mentions the corporate responsibility to respect human rights. This refers to internationally recognized human rights (including children’s rights) [page 8] and principles rooted in the United Nations “Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the international conventions protecting women, minorities, children, people with disabilities and migrant workers and members of their families”.
Children’s rights are also mentioned in Principle 10 regarding Initiative on respect for labour and human rights in value chains, [page 18]: “Among its economic cooperation programmes, the federal government also supports projects to protect children.”
Principle 14 is devoted to ‘Child protection in tourism’ [page 20]: “In collaboration with Austria and Germany, in 2012 Switzerland launched a tri-national campaign to combat the sexual exploitation of children in connection with tourism. Entitled nicht-wegsehen.ch (‘Don’t look away’), the campaign draws public attention to the sexual exploitation of children and minors in the context of the tourism industry.”
The UK 2013 NAP states in Section 2. The State’s Duty to Protect Human Rights, New Actions planned that [page 11]:
“The Government will do the following to reinforce its implementation of its commitments under Pillar 1 of the UNGPs: … (vi) Promote new project activity on raising awareness and tackling the negative impacts of business activity, including on the human rights of groups like indigenous peoples, women, national or ethnic minorities, religious and linguistic minorities, children, persons with disabilities, and migrant workers and their families, by tasking our diplomatic missions in countries where these are concerns.
The UK 2016 Updated NAP states in Section 2. The State’s Duty to Protect Human Rights, Government commitments that [page 11]:
“18. The Government will do the following to reinforce its implementation of its commitments under Pillar 1 of the UNGPs: … (vi) Consider new project activity on raising awareness and tackling the negative impacts of business activity, including on the human rights of groups like indigenous peoples, women, national or ethnic minorities, religious and linguistic minorities, children, persons with disabilities, and migrant workers and their families, by tasking our diplomatic missions in countries where these are concerns.”
The U.S. NAP makes reference to children’s rights largely in terms of child labor.
Foreword [page 1]
“Corruption is not only immoral, it diverts public and private resources away from priorities such as feeding children…”
Outcome 1.3: Leverage U.S Government Purchasing Power to Promote High Standards
Ongoing Commitments and Initiatives [page 11]
“Prohibition of Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor,” (E.O. 13126), signed on June 12, 1999 and in effect since 2001. This executive order is intended to ensure that U.S. federal agencies do not procure goods made by forced or indentured child labor. The U.S. government will seek to review the status and effectiveness of implementation of these requirements and take steps to improve implementation, as feasible and appropriate.” – Implementing Department or Agency: State, DOD
Outcome 2.1: Enhance the Value of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives on RBC
Ongoing Commitments and Initiatives [page 15-16]
“Engagement with International Cocoa and Chocolate Industry: As the Secretariat for the Child Labor Cocoa Coordinating Group (CLCCG), DOL plays a leadership role in facilitating coordination among the Governments of Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and the United States and the international chocolate and cocoa industry (including six major producing companies) to address the worst forms of child labor in cocoa growing areas of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. CLCCG members held their annual meeting in June 2016 at DOL to discuss new project funding and other initiatives.” – Implementing Department or Agency: DOL
“Sustainable Development Goals: The 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs or Global Goals) establish an ambitious framework to make progress on many of the fundamental social, economic, and environmental challenges facing the world over the next 15 years. The U.S. government encourages uptake and implementation of the SDGs and intends to facilitate dialogue among key actors to discuss best practices, public-private partnership opportunities, lessons learned, and action necessary to ensure the SDGs’ success. As part of this initiative, DOL has been actively engaged in the ILO-led Alliance 8.7, a coalition of business and other stakeholders committed to increasing action to achieve SDG Target 8.7 on the elimination of the worst forms of child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking.” .” – Implementing Department or Agency: State, Treasury, USAID, DOL
Outcome 3.1: U.S. Government Reports
Ongoing Commitments and Initiatives [page 18]
“DOL Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports: DOL publishes and updates three reports on international child labor and forced labor (the Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor, and the List of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor) that serve as valuable resources for government action, civil society advocacy, and private sector due diligence on these issues. Since 2015, DOL releases these three reports through a new mobile application, Sweat & Toil: Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking Around the World, which streamlines this wealth of information and makes it available on mobile devices. DOL regularly engages with companies and industry groups on how they can use these tools to strengthen their social compliance programs.” – Implementing Department or Agency: DOL
“Reducing Child Labor and Forced Labor: A Toolkit for Responsible Businesses: This DOL online resource, launched in December 2012, will continue to provide step-by-step guidance to businesses that seek to develop and improve social compliance systems to address child labor and forced labor in supply chains. The Toolkit is available to the public in English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese and will be regularly updated based on feedback from users.” – Implementing Department or Agency: DOL
Outcome 3.3: Capacity Building and Technical Support to Promote Enabling Environments
Ongoing Commitments and Initiatives [page 20-21]
“Eliminating Child and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains: In 2011, USDA, DOL, and State released the Guidelines for Eliminating Child and Forced Labor in Agricultural Supply Chains, developed as part of a multi-stakeholder process that included high-level officials of these agencies, representatives of business, civil society, and academics. The Guidelines’ specific elements should be integrated into any agricultural company program to reduce child or forced labor, and include adhering to ILO standards on child USDA, DOL, State -21- labor and forced labor; mapping supply chains and conducting risk assessments; providing communication and monitoring mechanisms; and developing plans and programs for remediating violations. DOL is now funding a four-year pilot project in Turkey to test implementation of the above Guidelines by a leading company.” – Implementing Department or Agency: USDA, DOL, State
Outcome 4.1: Recognize RBC Best Practices
Ongoing Commitments and Initiatives [page 22]
“DOL Iqbal Masih Award for the Elimination of Child Labor: The Iqbal Masih Award is a non-monetary award presented annually by the U.S. Secretary of Labor to recognize the exceptional efforts made by an individual, company, organization, or national government to reduce the worst forms of child labor internationally. DOL will continue to consider outstanding private sector efforts for this award.” – Implementing Department or Agency: DOL