NAP Development Process
There have been several initiatives on integrating business and human rights in a national action plan in Indonesia. In 2021, a process for the development of a National Strategy on Business and Human Rights was underway.
In September 2014 the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) and the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM), an Indonesian prominent civil society organisation working on human rights, started a collaboration for the development of a NAP with the agreement of several governmental institutions. In 2017, Komnas HAM published National human rights commission regulation No. 001 of 2017 concerning the adoption of the NAP on business and human rights. It referred to the policy paper (in Indonesian) that was prepared by Komnas HAM and ELSAM. This text has passed through a process of public consultation of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, the business sector, and government agencies. According to ELSAM (2020), this NAP has not yet received legitimacy and recognition from most of the Indonesian governmental institutions.
Integration of Business and Human Rights in the Human Rights National Action Plan 2020-2024
Indonesia is preparing its 5th Human Rights national action plan for 2021-2025. This is expected to be published in April 2021. This will focus on four vulnerable groups – women, children, persons with disabilities, and indigenous peoples. Business is not a priority in this plan, although some actions may touch on the role and responsibilities of businesses.
A National Strategy on Business and Human Rights
Preparatory work to adopt a national strategy on business and human rights is also underway. A National Focal Point on Business and Human Rights (within the Ministry of Law and Human Rights), supported by a multi-sectoral taskforce, are driving the process. The Taskforce is formed of different ministries, CSO as well as UNDP representatives. The Taskforce has no fixed timeline but is expected to begin work once the 5th human rights national action plan has been approved. The difference between a national action plan and a strategy in is not entirely clear but is expected that a national action plan will have a clear budget, whereas a strategy may not.
Consultations with civil society organizations were carried out to inform the substance of the recommended NAP on Business and Human Rights. UNICEF facilitated a consultation with children’s rights groups. Discussions were also held with legal academics. In addition, focus group discussions were held with several ministries/agencies that have authority in connection with business and human rights.
In 2019, the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs organised a focus group discussion to begin the NAP development process.
#indonesia #UNGP NAP process is underway with Coord. Ministry of Econ Affairs leading. Great job @UNDPIndonesia in facilitating discussions between CSOs, NHRI, biz asscs and ministries! @globalcompact @UNDPasiapac @liviosarandrea @hkaur0304 @VictoriaBMFS @C_Bahuet pic.twitter.com/VxNUNuImaS
— Sean C. Lees (@seanclees) 15. februar 2019
National Baseline Assessment (NBA)
A National Baseline Assessment has not yet been conducted.
Stakeholders views and analysis on the NAP
Foundation for International Human Rights Reporting Standards: Indonesia Launches National Action Plan on Business & Human Rights, 2017
Cambridge Core blog: Developing a National Action Plan on a Polycentric Governance System: Case of Indonesia, 2019.