NAP Development Process
Indonesia is currently developing a NAP which is expected to be published in December 2019.
The Indonesian NHRI presented a recommended NAP to the Government in June 2017. The recommended NAP has not been adopted by the government as an action plan, but contains recommended actions reflecting the three pillar of the UN Guiding Principles. It is unclear how the recommended NAP is going to be taken further by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and how this relates to the NAP the government is now developing.
On September 2014, the government appointed, the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) (Indonesia’s National Human Rights Institution (NHRI)), and the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM) (Indonesia’s largest civil society organisation working on human rights) to lead the NAP process. In 2017 these two orgnisations produced a policy paper (in Indonesian) on the topic which was used to prepare the recommended NAP. While prepaing the policy paper a number of public consultations were held with stakeholders from civil society organisations, the business sector, and government agencies.
The Chair of the National Human Rights Commission, Komnas HAM, presented the recommended NAP to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs during a launch event on 16 June 2017. This National Action Plan on Business & Human Rights (Rencana Aksi Nasional (RAN) Bisnis dan HAM), was legally issued under National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) Regulation No. 1 of 2017 on the Ratification of the National Plan of Action on Business and Human Rights.
In 2014, Komnas HAM and ELSAM conducted a workshop that was attended by multinational corporations (MNC) and state-owned enterprises (SOE) from plantation and mining sectors.
Consultations with civil society organizations were carried out to inform the substance of the recommended NAP on Business and Human Rights. UNICEF facilitated a consultation with children’s rights groups. Discussions were also held with legal academics. In addition, focus group discussions were held with several ministries/agencies that have authority in connection with business and human rights. The discussions aimed to identify policies that have been, or are being, drafted, in order to respond to the dynamics in the relationship between business and human rights within their respective scopes of authority.
National Baseline Assessment (NBA)
A National Baseline Assessment has not yet been conducted.
Follow-up, monitoring, reporting and review
Since the recommended NAP has not yet adopted by the government, it does not contain implementation mechanisms or monitoring and review responsibilities assigned to concrete government actors. There is only a recommendation to periodically review the NAP “in order to adjust to the development of the business dynamics.”
Stakeholders views and analysis on the NAP
Foundation for International Human Rights Reporting Standards: Indonesia Launches National Action Plan on Business & Human Rights, 2017