III. The State duty to protect human rights
B. Actions taken
- Promoting human rights through government procurement operations (page 8)
‘Taiwan has implemented regulations that include such measures, including the “Government Procurement Act,” “Resource Recycling Act,” “Statute for Industrial Innovation,” “Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act,” and “Indigenous Peoples Employment Rights Protection Act.” All these acts prohibit discrimination, encourage green purchasing, and promote environmental protection.
In addition, the Public Construction Commission’s Procurement Evaluation Committee scoring tables for bidders include CSR indicators, such as “whether all employees have received pay increases,” “the quality of basic compensation received by procurement officers,” and “the quality of work/life balance measures.”’
This information is also covered under Appendix 4: Overview of the implementation of the state duty to protect and the access to remedy, The state duty to protect, UNGP5, Actions taken (page 44).
- Government procurement (pages 24-26)
Taiwan has implemented regulations with such measures, including the following;
Article 101, paragraph 1, subparagraph 14 of the “Government Procurement Act” provides that where the supplier discriminates on the basis of gender, aboriginal status, physical or mental disability, or status as the member of a disadvantaged group, where the details of the discrimination are particularly serious, it will be published in the Government Procurement Gazette and the supplier shall not be allowed to bid on a government contract (or be a sub-contractor) for one year.
Article 26-1 of the “Government Procurement Act” stipulates that an entity may prescribe technical specifications in accordance with Article 26 to promote the conservation of natural resources and protection of environment, and adopt related measures to save energy, save resources, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Increases in project expenditures or technical service fees, if any, shall be incorporated into the project budget for approval when preparing the technical specifications or measures.
Article 96 of the “Government Procurement Act” stipulates that an entity may provide in tender documentation that preference shall be given to a product with the government-recognized Green Mark.
Article 22 of the “Resource Recycling Act” stipulates that all Taiwan government agencies, public schools, public enterprises and organizations, and military authorities shall preferentially procure government-recognized environmentally preferable products, and that the central competent authority and all industry-specific authorities shall perform promotion activities for environmentally preferable products.
Article 27, paragraph 1 of the “Statute for Industrial Innovation” stipulates that central government authorities shall encourage government agencies/organizations and enterprises to purchase green products and services.
Article 25 of the “Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act” stipulates that all levels of government, public education institutions, and government-run enterprises shall promote energy saving and use energy-efficient products or services to reduce GHG emissions.
Article 98 of the “Government Procurement Act” stipulates that for a winning tenderer which employs more than 100 persons locally, aborigines or persons with physical or mental disabilities shall account for a minimum of two percent of the total number of employees during the term of contract performance; otherwise, the foregoing tenderer shall pay a fee in lieu of performance and shall not hire foreign workers to make up the shortage in question.
Article 12 of the “Indigenous Peoples Employment Rights Protection Act” stipulates as follows:
“I. Companies winning bids according to the Government Procurement Act with more than one hundred staff shall hire indigenous people during the term of contract performance, with the total number of indigenous people accounting for no less than one percent (1%) of the total number of working staff thereof.
II. The indigenous people hired according to the provision in the previous section shall receive pre-job training before commencement of their work; training fees shall be subsidized by the government; the conditions, duration and amount of subsidies shall be determined by the competent authority for labor issues in the central government.
III. In the event that the winning bidder fails to hire enough indigenous people based on the requirement set out in paragraph I above, it shall make a cash payment to the employment fund of the Aboriginal Comprehensive Development Fund.”
Article 70 of the “Government Procurement Act” stipulates that an entity conducting a procurement procedure for construction work shall stipulate the responsibility of the supplier for quality control, environmental protection, as well as workplace safety and hygiene, and shall also establish inspection procedures and standards for the major items of the construction work.
Article 70-1 of the “Government Procurement Act” stipulates that in conducting the planning or design of a construction project, an entity shall analyze the potential construction hazards with an eye to the scale and characteristics of the construction project, prepare the drawings and specifications related to safety and health in accordance with the “Occupational Safety and Health Act” and its secondary regulations, and quantify related safety and health expenditures. Such information, and the requirements of the supplier to arrange or take necessary preventive equipment or measures, shall be included in the governmental tender documentation at the bidding stage. Where an occupational accident occurs at the construction site due to lack (or poor quality) of safety and health equipment or facilities as required by regulations or contract, the supplier shall not only be punished pursuant to the “Occupational Safety and Health Act” and its secondary regulations, but shall also be dealt with according to the “Government Procurement Act” and the contractual provisions.
In addition, the Public Construction Commission’s Procurement Evaluation Committee scoring tables for bidders shall include CSR indicators, such as “whether all employees have received pay increases,” “the quality of basic compensation received by procurement officers,” and “the quality of work/life balance measures.”’
This information is also covered under Appendix 4: Overview of the implementation of the state duty to protect and the access to remedy, The state duty to protect, UNGP6, Actions taken (page 45).