Sustainable Development


1.1  Overview [Page viii]

The second Medium Term Plan objectives were each mapped to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to ensure that the global development framework and its implementation is directly linked to achieving both Vision 2030 and the SDGs.




The NAP is aligned to Kenya’s Vision 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for both vertical and horizontal policy coherence and integration. It links each of the identified themes and the cross cutting issues to the corresponding SDGs. The NAP does not create any new obligations but is an overarching coherent tool to guide all actors in respecting human rights as they play their expected role in the development of the country, including attainment of the SDGs.


2.3 Natural Resources [Page 7]

Kenya has a relatively progressive constitutional and statutory framework for the ownership, management and access to land and natural resources found within her boundaries. The Constitution provides that land, whether public, private or communal, shall be held, used and managed in a manner that is equitable, efficient, productive and sustainable.

The NAP consultations identified the following concerns related to land, natural resource development and business:

6.    Lack of sustainable benefits for host communities from the exploitation of natural resources despite the constitutional imperative for equitable sharing of benefits.


2.4 Revenue Transparency [Page 9] 

Tax revenue is the most important, reliable and sustainable means of resourcing initiatives that contribute to the realisation of human rights such as health and education. Businesses are significant contributors to tax revenue. […]


Tax justice and the regulation of financial behaviour of companies can no longer be treated in isolation from the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, outlined in the UNGPs and business commitments to support the SDGs. Indeed, the SDGs include specific targets on reducing illicit financial flows (IFFs), returning stolen assets, reduction of corruption, and strengthening domestic resource mobilisation.


2.5. Environmental Protection [Page 11]

Various SDGs targets relate to the environment and are underpinned by human rights4.


4 They include 1.5 (building the resilience of the poor and the vulnerable to reduce their exposure to climate change impacts); 6.3 (improving water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals); 7.2 (increasing use of renewable energy); 9.4 (adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes); 11.6 (reducing adverse environmental impact of cities, including by paying attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management); and 12.4 (adoption of environmentally sound management of chemicals and waste). Others include 12.6 (encourage companies ‘to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information in their reporting cycle’), 12.7 (promotion of public procurement practices that are sustainable), 13.1 (strengthening resilience to climate change) and 15.2 (promotion of the implementation of sustainable management of forests, including halting deforestation).



3.2. Pillar 2: Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights

b) Human Rights Policy commitments [Page 19]

iv.       Promote the use of human rights and sustainability as criteria for industry awards by businesses and business associations.


Strategic Objective Policy Actions Key Actors
Strategic objective 2: Enhance understanding of the obligation of business to respect human rights Promote the use of human rights and sustainability as criteria for industry awards by businesses and business associations. KAM, KEPSA and other professional business associations