III. Expectations towards business companies

“Also on the European level, especially since 2019, a wider and more comprehensive view about corporate social responsibility and responsible business conduct has been encouraged, concretely confirmed witnessed by numerous business good practices in compliance with a series of voluntary measures and regulations. The renewed and dynamic entrepreneurial approach is based on corporate governance structures to overcoming short-term financial advantages for environmental, social and human sustainability in the medium and long term in the context of the European Union’s initiatives on the circular economy, biodiversity and sustainable financial growth.


Finally, the importance of the business with respect to the three areas of action – People, Planet, Prosperity – at the core of the agenda of the Italian Presidency of the G20-2021, constituted a further operational area with particular reference to the W20 (Women) and B20 (Business) engagement groups. The promotion of informal debate events on the BHR issue aimed at improving good practices of large Italian companies (such as, for example, ENI – recently positioned at the top of the “Corporate Human Rights Benchmark 2020” – and ENEL, member of the Board of the “United Nations Global Compact”)” (p. 12)

IV. Italian ongoing activities and future commitments

Irregular work in the agricultural sector

“The General Directorate for Immigration and Integration Policies of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies and the International Labour Organization (ILO) further enhanced project initiatives through the publication of the call “Together to combat labour exploitation in agriculture” in November 2020. It allowed the selection and collection of a catalogue of good practices. In particular, public and private actors, associations, employers’ organizations and trade unions were invited to describe their practices by responding to a 37-question online questionnaire, which allowed an analysis on the basis of seven objective criteria: relevance and coherence, effectiveness, impact, efficiency, sustainability, innovation and replicability. A group of labour and social protection experts chaired by the Ministry and supported by the ILO reviewed and evaluated 67 proposals. These initiatives have been adequately enhanced in June 2021 through the publication of a catalogue including the 50 most promising practices on the institutional portal” (p. 22)

Vulnerable groups: persons with disabilities

“About relevant government policies to improve the participation of persons with disabilities in the workforce, it should be noted that Legislative Decree No. 151/2015 introduced some provisions aimed at rationalizing and revising the procedures and fulfilments of targeted insertion of persons referred to Law No. 68/1999 and other subjects entitled to compulsory placement, in order to promote social inclusion, placing and integration into the labour market and taking care of skills of persons with disabilities. In particular, the adoption of specific guidelines on the targeted placement of persons with disabilities envisages to promote:


– good practices of job inclusion


In the reform context, a decisive relevance was attributed to the systematic collection of data available in targeted placement, as well as data relating to good practices of work inclusion of persons with disabilities, aids and adaptations on workplaces. In this regard Legislative Decree No. 151/2015, in order to rationalize the collection of data, to simplify the obligations, as well as to improve the monitoring and evaluation of the interventions, has envisaged the creation of a specific section called “Targeted placement database” within the active and passive policies database, to collect information on public and private employers subject to the employment obligation.” (p. 27)