I- The State’s Obligation to Protect Human Rights

Examples of Responsible Practices Abroad [page 36]


  • The Swiss Federal Council has introduced a major amendment to its export licensing legislation in order to ensure surveillance technologies that might be used for human rights abuses are not exported from Switzerland. Following this amendment, Swiss authorities must reject companies’ requests to export surveillance technologies if there “are reasonable grounds to believe” that the items could be used for repression in the country of destination:

II- Businesses’ Responsibility to Respect Human Rights

3. Risk Analysis and Impact Assessment

Practical Tools Addressing Specific Issues 

At the European Level [page 42]

  • The European Commission’s guides for three economic activities: … information and communications technologies.