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Czechia

The Czech NAP has a chapter dedicated to Trade in military equipment, which does not explicitly address conflict-affected areas, but states

Trade in military equipment [page 18-20]

“…non-profit organisations such as Amnesty International continue to criticise the Czech Republic for exporting weapons to “high-risk countries”.

“Current state of play: …

  • The Czech Republic participates in a number of international schemes to regulate the arms trade. In particular, it is party to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which provides that if there is a clear risk that the conventional arms to be exported might be used in the commission of serious violations of international humanitarian law, export will be denied. …

Tasks: …

  • Hold regular meetings between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the non-governmental sector on issues of transparency and human rights in trade in military equipment.
    Coordinators: Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Deadline: Running
  • Offer all necessary cooperation and assistance to the Parliamentary Subcommittee on Acquisitions of the Ministry of Defence, Trade in Military Equipment and Innovations of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic so that regular assessments can be carried out of the human rights risks posed by export licences and by military equipment exports that have been made.
    Coordinators: Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Deadline: Running”

Supply chains and conflict minerals [page 20-21]

“Increasing attention is being paid to safety conditions at work (e.g. the use of slave and child labour in mining). Risks of this type are particularly serious in areas plagued by armed conflict, which can be attributed to the absence of state authority here. …

Current state of play:

  • At EU level, a regulation on “conflict minerals” has been adopted in order to standardise procedure in all EU Member States. …
  • The Czech Republic was involved in the consultation and approval of OECD recommendations on the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas and Due Diligence Guidance for Meaningful Stakeholder Engagement in the Extractive Sector. The Ministry of Industry and Trade IS now considering how they can best be implemented in the Czech Republic. …

Tasks:

  • Establish one or more competent bodies responsible for the application, in the Czech Republic, of Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down supply chain due diligence obligations for Union importers of tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores, and gold originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas, and notify that body (those bodies) to the European Commission.
    Coordinator: Ministry of Trade and Industry
    Deadline: 9 December 2017”

Pillar II, Scope and content of the obligation to respect human rights [page 31]

“…some businesses may face conflict with other rights and principles specific to a particular country or industry. For the sake of example, a manufacturer of military equipment should not supply goods to a regime if there is a deep-seated suspicion that they will be used against civilians, and should not make instruments of torture.”

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