Pillar II

Scope and content of the obligation to respect human rights [page 30]

For businesses, there are three dimensions to respect for human rights:

– Do not commit violations of human rights: This applies to a business’s active conduct, the direct impacts of its decisions, and its operations, and may encompass:

o The health- or life-threatening working conditions of its employees.

o The destruction of a source of water, permanent soil damage, and emissions that pose a threat to health.

– Do not contribute to violations of human rights: A business does not commit violations itself, but acts in a way that facilitates or smooths the way for violations. This may encompass:

o The marketing of products that could be harmful to health.