Pillar 1: The State Duty to Protect Human Rights

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There are many situations where the State acts as a business enterprise or directly support this type of organisations, for example in the case of public business enterprises, public purchases, the promotion of investment, innovation and exports, or the privatisation of utilities. According to the Guiding Principles, in these cases States must take additional steps to protect against adverse impacts caused by business enterprises they own or who are under their control, or who receive important support and services from state bodies, in which case they must request that due diligence processes are in place regarding human rights.